Lychnidos
Remnants of Lychnidos can be found at: Lychnidos, located at the shore of Lake Ohrid, developed in beautiful town that covered nearly 40 hectares. The Hellenistic town, erected on the location of Samuel's Fortress, spreaded southwardly all the way down to the shore, and during the Roman period it will expand towards the east to cover the adjoining hill of Deboj. It is known (partially from the inscriptions) that, in addition to the theatre, the town comprised other public buildings, such as: agora, gymnasium, bulefterion, civic basilica, temples. Unfortunately, due to the layers of the contemporary Ohrid, these buildings have not been excavated. The town was thriving during the late Classical period. A number of early Christian churches were built at that time, of which the central and presumably cathedral is the polyconchal basilica near Imaret, , built in the second half of the V century. Fragments of the architecture and structure of the seven early Christian churches of Lychnidos are evidence of the active Christian organization in the town, known also through the many Lychnidos priests - bishops: Zosim and Dionysius (Council at Serdica, 343 A.D.); Bishop Anatolius (II Council at Ephesus, 449 A.D.); Bishop Laurentius (there is a letter sent by Pope Galesius or his successor Anasthasius II to Laurenthius, the end of the V century), who had fallen into disfavour of the Byzantine Emperor Anasthasius I, and in 516 restrained in the capital, to return seven years later to Lychnidos and die there at the age of 80; Bishop Theodoritus "libellus", signatory, 7th March 519 A.D.).

An interesting discovery in Lychnidos is the antique theatre, currently partially excavated.

The theatre is located under Samuel's Fortress, near the Upper Gate, on the eastern section of the hill in Ohrid, with an unforgettable view of the Lake and the surrounding mountains.

The Classical theatre was built about 2,000 years ago, during the late Hellenistic period or shortly after the Roman conquest. The earliest found written records on the existence of the theatre date from the turn of 19th into the 20th century. That is also the time when the earliest efforts as to its excavations took place, but the outcome was only partial excavations that did not achieve expected results. Trial probing, carried out in 1960, helped in determining the accurate theatre's location and size. Systematic archaeological excavations commenced in 1977 and, after a 6-years interruption, have continued in 1984.

Among the most important discoveries are undoubtedly the names of the members of the audience inscribed on their seats at the auditorium. Those were either subscribed viewers or they had seasonal tickets for the performances.

Classical dramas - tragedies and comedies - were played in the open air, similar to other theaters from the Classical period.

BACK to Classical Age
NAZAD

BACK HOME